Many Mushroom farmers are not aware of the possibilities of other substrates as an alternative to traditional straws or hay. Sterilization of straw and its preparation for mono tubs require lots of hard work and skill. These issues led to the development of alternate substrates which required less work and skills for producing good quality mushrooms. Coco Coir is one of such newly invented substrate which made mushroom substrate preparation very easy and simple.
Coco Coir is a compressed fiber cake manufactured from coconut fibers.
I first saw coconuts in the Caribbean but it was a trip to India where I really saw coconuts fiber being used. It is easily available in India especially in Kerala. Where coconuts are part of the staple food. The coir is heated to a sterile temperature in the manufacturing process but please sterilize or pasteurize before use. Just add a calculated amount of water and it will absorb that water and form a suitable substrate for mushroom farming. Bulk substrate preparation using Coco coir is very easy.